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AMERICA'S WARS

American Revolution
Dates: 1775-1783
Where: Eastern coast of present-day United States
How ended: Treaty of Paris, 1783
American Casualties: est. 4,000 to 5,000 (est. 10,000 British deaths)


War of 1812
Dates: 1812-1815 dot
Where: Eastern half of the United States, Great Lakes, and Lake Champlain
How ended: Treaty of Ghent was signed in 1814. Not yet aware of the treaty, General Andrew Jackson engaged and crushed the British at New Orleans on January 8, 1815.
American Casualties: 2,000


Mexican War
Dates: 1846-1848 dot
Where: Mexico and southwestern United States, including modern-day Texas, California, and New Mexico.
How ended: Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was signed in 1848.
American Casualties: est. 13,000


Civil War
Dates: 1861-1865
Where: Primarily in the Eastern half of the United States (east of Mississippi River)
How ended: Confederate surrender at Appomatox
American Casualties: est. 620,000 (360,000 Union, 260,000, Confederate)


Spanish American War
Dates: April 25 - August 12, 1898
Where: Mainly in the Spanish possessions of Cuba and the Philippines
How ended: Treaty of Paris, 1898
American Casualties: 5,462 (90% of American Casualties caused by disease)


World War I
Dates: 1914-1918
Where: Europe, Atlantic Ocean
How ended: Treaty of Versailles, 1918
American Casualties: 112,000 (est. 10,000,000 total)


World War II
Dates: 1939-1945 (U.S. 1941-1945)
Where: Europe, North Africa, Asia, Pacific islands including Hawaii, Atlantic and Pacific Oceans
How ended: Japan was the last Axis power to surrender on V-J Day (August 15, 1945) after the U.S. bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
American Casualties: 405,000 American (2,000,000 total)


Korean War
Dates: 1950-1953
Where: North and South Korea
How ended: War reached a stalemate in June 1951. An armistice was finally reached on July 27, 1953
American Casualties: 54,200


Vietnam War
Dates: 1954-1975
Where: Southeast Asia
How ended: U.S. withdrew after a ceasefire in 1973, the war ended in a North Vietnamese victory in 1975.
American Casualties: 109,000


Persian Gulf War
Dates: August 1990 - April 1991
Where: Iraq, Kuwait
How ended: After a four-day ground war, an American-led coalition declared victory. A cease-fire agreement was signed on April 9, 1991.
American and Allied casualties: 148

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